Liquidity- what is it, and why it's crucial for any business? 5 mins

Converting an asset into cash is called liquidity, without having the market price affected. A more liquid asset will have fewer difficulties to be converted into cash. So obviously, the most liquid asset would be cash itself. Whereas something having less liquidity is troublesome to convert into cash, property, plant, and equipment.

Any business needs to have a cash equivalent that is liquidity. When a company has very liquid assets in an appropriate amount, it's called moderate liquidity. In contrast, sufficient liquidity would mean a very liquid assets' sufficient amount. That means the business can meet the payment obligations as required. 

Technically liquidation can also be called the exchange of a lower liquid asset with a higher liquid asset. Also, one can sell a less liquid asset and obtain cash. The liquidity of an asset varies with circumstances. One can measure the liquidity of an asset by determining how often it is sold or bought.

One can quickly sell cash to earn money without reducing any market value. You won't need to wait for a suitable buyer if all you want is to exchange some money for an asset. It's a quick economic action like paying that is buying, selling aur meeting any daily needs that involve money.

Liquidity of assets

The items that you usually collect are not liquid; that is, stamps or coins. It's easy for the owners to obtain the real value of these collectibles once they find the right buyer. Although, if someone needs cash in no time, they probably end up selling it at a low price. It will heavily reduce the liquidity of the asset. In case of a sudden rise in an object's demand, one can regain liquidity.

Just because of the reasons mentioned above, equipment, land, and property are on the bottom line of the liquidity scale. A specific example would be raw materials, real estate, tools, or machinery.

 The most difficult assets to sell, below on the liquid scale are businesses. Selling a business from a company involves high complexity. That's the reason one cannot obtain a reasonable price and habit above in the liquidity scale.

High liquidity asset

As said above, the most liquid asset one can own is cash itself. The non-cash holdings, like bonds and stocks, can also be converted into cash. The stock and bond will be higher on the liquidity scale if they have a higher trade volume.

High trade volume indicates you can easily trade this asset at the market price. In other words, you can say, the asking price and the bid price difference are less.

 Next on the scale of liquidity is the investment asset. These are preferred shares that come with terms and restrictions for selling. It leads to slower conversion in cash. That's the reason they are less liquid.

 Is liquidity important? Why?

 Checking out the liquidity of a company is the best thing to determine its financial stability. You will be able to decide on how firmly the company can pay its debt and liabilities; the leftover cash can effectively pay the shareholders or not.

Another way to measure liquidity is to calculate it using the current ratio or cash ratio.

About diversification

Understanding how diversification can help your finances is vital if you want security. 'Don't put all your eggs in one basket is a famous saying that applies here. The liquidity of asset majors called cash, fixed, and security is where you would need to remember this quote.

The exchange commission and securities are essential and unique for every individual, just like the investment portfolio. A common thumb rule for everyone is- have a diverse set of assets. The return of these assets doesn't come in lock-step. The marketing situation is not always the same for all the assets. It may be tremendous, and for another, it may be just below poverty. Even when some catastrophe occurs in the market, you can secure yourself financially by having diverse liquidity asset options. 

If you need immediate cash for some emergency, you will get it from one source guaranteed if others are running low in business.


With the help of the phenomenon called liquid, one can convert its asset into cash without hindering its market price! An object is more liquid when it is much easier for it to get converted into cash. Every individual in the corporate sector must learn about liquidity to understand how well a company can pay off its debts and liabilities.

 You can check out how the company's doing is you compare different liquidated terms in the Microsoft balance sheet statements. You can download it from the financial model and observe how it works. Learning to calculate liquidity ratio is the single most essential thing to let yourself into the concept.

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